Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Rory Lewandowski, CCA, and Mark Sulc, Ohio State University ExtensionWe are quickly approaching the second good opportunity of the year for establishing perennial forage stands, which is in the month of August. Most of us were not able to establish forages this spring, and many existing stands were damaged by the winter followed by the heavy rainfall this year. It is time to make preparations and be ready to plant perennial forage stands in the next few weeks.Typically, the main risk with late summer forage seedings is sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant establishment. However, many parts of Ohio have adequate soil moisture from recent rains, and the outlook for the first half of August is for normal precipitation levels. Prepare now and be ready to take advantage of planting ahead of storm fronts as they occur in late July and early August.Advantages to late summer forage establishment include the following: forage seedlings are not competing with the flush of annual spring and summer weed emergence/growth, soil borne root rot and damping off disease organisms that thrive in cool, wet soils are usually not an issue, and there may be fewer competing farm tasks than in the spring.A very important consideration for seeding forages that is especially relevant this year is herbicide carryover restrictions. This will certainly be an issue to check on acres where corn and soybean herbicides were applied earlier this year in anticipation of planting, but rains prevented those crops from being planted. Before you consider establishing perennial forages on those prevented plant acres, please be aware that many grain crop herbicides have long rotation interval restrictions that will not allow safe planting of forages this year. The 2019 Ohio. Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide provides a summary table of herbicide rotation intervals for alfalfa and clovers (see http://go.osu.edu/herbrotationintervals). Forage grasses are not included in that table, but any restrictions will be stated on the herbicide labels. So, be sure to double-check your herbicide application history against the rotation restrictions stated on the labels for the forages you want to establish.No-till seeding in August is an excellent choice to conserve soil moisture for good germination. Make sure that the field surface is relatively level and smooth if you plan to no-till seed because you will have to live with any field roughness for several years of harvesting operations. Sclerotinia crown and stem rot is a concern with no-till seedings of alfalfa in late summer and especially where clover has been present in the past. This pathogen causes white mold on alfalfa seedlings. They become infected during cooler rainy spells in late October and November, the disease develops during the winter, and seedlings literally “melt away” in winter and early spring. It can be devastating where the pathogen is present. No-till is especially risky where clover has been present because the sclerotia germinate from a shallow depth. Early August plantings dramatically improve the alfalfa’s ability to resist the infection. Late August seedings are very susceptible, with mid-August plantings being intermediate.In a no-till situation, minimize competition from existing weeds by applying a burndown application of glyphosate before planting. Using no-till when herbicide-resistant weeds are present, such as marestail in a previous wheat field, creates a very difficult situation with no effective control options, so tillage is probably a better choice in those situations.Post-emergence herbicide options exist for alfalfa to control late summer and fall emerging winter annual broadleaf weeds. A mid- to late fall application of Butyrac (2,4-DB), bromoxynil, Pursuit or Raptor are the primary herbicide options for winter annual broadleaf weeds. Fall application is much more effective than a spring application for control of these weeds especially if wild radish/wild turnip are in the weed mix. Pursuit and Raptor can control winter annual grasses in the fall in pure legume stands but not with a mixed alfalfa/grass planting. Consult the 2019 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide and always read the specific product label for guidelines on timing and rates before applying any product.For conventional tillage seeding prepare a firm seedbed to ensure good seed-to-soil contact. Be aware that too much tillage depletes soil moisture and increases the risk of soil crusting. Follow the “footprint guide” that soil should be firm enough for a footprint to sink no deeper than one-half inch. Tilled seedbeds do not need a pre-plant herbicide.Finally, keep in mind the following factors to increase establishment success.Soil fertility and pH: The recommended soil pH for alfalfa is 6.5 to 6.8. Forage grasses and clovers should have a pH of 6.0 or above. The minimum or critical soil phosphorus level for forage legumes is 25 ppm Bray P1 or 34 ppm Mehlich-3 and for grasses it is 15 ppm Bray P1 and 20 ppm Mehlich-3. The critical soil potassium level is somewhere between 100 and 125 ppm for many of our soils.Seed selection: Be sure to use high quality seed of adapted, tested varieties and use fresh inoculum of the proper Rhizobium bacteria for legume seeds. “Common” seed (variety not stated) is usually lower yielding and not as persistent, and from our trials the savings in seed cost is lost within the first year or two through lower forage yields.Planting date: According to the 15th edition of the Ohio Agronomy guide, planting of alfalfa and other legumes should be completed between late July and mid-August in Northern Ohio and between early and late August in Southern Ohio. Most cool-season perennial grasses can be planted a little later. Check the Ohio Agronomy Guide (see http://go.osu.edu/forage-seeding-dates).Planter calibration: If coated seed is used, be aware that coatings can account for up to one-third of the weight of the seed. This affects the number of seeds planted in planters set to plant seed on a weight basis. Seed coatings can also dramatically alter how the seed flows through the drill, so calibrate the drill or planter with the seed going into the field.Seed placement: The recommended seeding depth for forages is one-quarter to one-half inch deep. It is better to err on the side of planting shallow rather than too deep.Do not harvest a new perennial forage stand this fall. The ONLY exception to this rule is perennial and Italian ryegrass plantings. Mow or harvest these grasses to a two and a half to three-inch stubble in late November to improve winter survival. Do not cut any other species, especially legumes.
Shelby County, In. — Republican congressman from the 6th District in Indiana and candidate for U.S. Senate Luke Messer recently visited Southwestern High School, named the “Safest School in America,” and announced he will author legislation to help more schools adopt these security innovations.Southwestern High School in Shelby County teamed up with Virginia-based Net Talon to install a state-of-the-art security system. The school is equipped with key fobs for administrators to contact police, cameras that police also have access to 24-hours-a-day, automatically locking doors and a crisis reporting system. The system has a cost of about $400,000.The system was installed after the Indiana Sheriff’s Association selected the school as a test project.Messer’s “Safe Schools Act” would enable local schools to apply for matching grants to make physical and technological improvements to their schools to better protect students.“Like every American, I am deeply saddened by the tragedy in Parkland,” Messer said. “I drop my kids off at school and like every parent, I should not have to wonder if they will come home that day. We need to focus on securing our schools to keep our students safe rather than going after law-abiding gun owners.”
Ghana Football Association president Kwasi Nyantakyi believes Ghana can win the 2017 AFCON following the team’s performance at the 2015 edition of the tournament in Equatorial Guinea.Ghana finished second at this year’s AFCON after losing 9-8 on penalties to Ivory Coast following a goalless draw in regulation time.Nyantakyi who has seen the Black Stars play two AFCON finals during his tenure but has failed to win the title, praised the team’s effort at the tournament and noted the experienced garnered will help the team win the next competition in 2017.“I am very hopeful that the foundation laid in Equatorial Guinea 2015 will be the stepping stone for Ghana to win the trophy in 2017,” said Nyantakyi“We may not have won the trophy but the statistics showed clearly that Ghana was the best team at this year’s tournament”, he added.
TWO-TIME ECLIPSE CHAMPION BEHOLDER SEEKS RECORD THIRD CONSECUTIVE WIN IN GRADE I, $300,000 ZENYATTA STAKES SATURDAY AT SANTA ANITA; MANDELLA TRAINEE TO FACE EIGHT RIVALS AT 1 1/16 MILES
THE ZENYATTA IS ONE OF FIVE GRADE I, BREEDERS’ CUP CHALLENGE ‘WIN & YOU’RE IN’ STAKES TO BE OFFERED AS PART OF 11-RACE BLOCKBUSTER CARD ON OPENING DAY ARCADIA, Calif. (Sept. 23, 2015)–Fresh off a record-breaking 8 ¼ length win versus males in the Grade I Pacific Classic Aug. 22, superstar mare Beholder will face eight rivals as she seeks a record third consecutive win in Saturday’s Grade I, $300,000 Zenyatta Stakes at 1 1/16 miles.Trained by Richard Mandella and owned by B. Wayne Hughes’ Spendthrift Farm, Beholder, a 5-year-old Kentucky-bred mare by Henny Hughes, has 10 wins from 11 starts at Santa Anita–her only defeat a second place finish in the 6 ½ furlong Grade II Santa Anita Ynez Stakes in January, 2013.Beginning with last year’s Zenyatta, Beholder has now rattled off five consecutive victories and should all go well on Saturday, it’s widely expected she’ll suit up for an epic showdown versus Triple Crown Champion American Pharoah and others in the $5 million Breeders’ Cup Classic at Keeneland Oct. 31.Although her regular rider Gary Stevens was forced to miss last year’s Zenyatta tally due to knee replacement surgery, he has been aboard for her last four wins and in all, has eight wins from nine starts with her and has called her perhaps the best horse, male or female, he’s ever ridden. With eight wins from nine tries at 1 1/16 miles, Beholder’s overall mark stands at 19-14-3-0. She has amassed lifetime earnings of $4,256,600.Benjamin Warren’s homebred Warren’s Veneda, a close second to Beholder three starts back in the Grade III, 1 1/16 miles Adorations Stakes June 13, was third, beaten 11 ¼ lengths by the top selection in the Grade I Clement Hirsch Stakes at Del Mar Aug. 1 and will try to narrow the gap in the Zenyatta.A 5-year-old California-bred mare by Affirmative, Warren’s Veneda is trained by Craig Lewis and will again be handled by Tyler Baze. She has four wins from nine starts at Santa Anita and is 26-8-4-7 overall with earnings of $931,612.Pamela Ziebarth’s homebred My Sweet Addiction, a winner of the Grade I Vanity Stakes three starts back on May 9, was no match for Beholder in her most recent out, as she showed early speed and finished fourth, beaten 12 ½ lengths in the Hirsch at Del Mar Aug. 1. Trained by Marty Jones, the 5-year-old Kentucky-bred mare by Tiznow has three wins from eight starts at Santa Anita and is 12-4-2-3 overall with earnings of $348,106.George Krikorian’s homebred Big Book, who was second to Grade I winning Stellar Wind going a flat mile in the Grade III Torrey Pines Stakes Aug. 30, faces her stiffest test to date on Saturday for trainer Tim Yakteen. A 3-year-old California-bred filly by Mr. Big, she has three wins from four starts and earnings of $198,400.The complete field for the Grade I Zenyatta Stakes, to be run as the seventh race on an 11-race card Saturday with jockeys and weights in post position order: Oscar Party, James Graham, 119; Savings Account, Drayden Van Dyke, 119; My Monet, Santiago Gonzalez, 119; Big Book, Kent Desormeaux, 116; Kyriaki, Mario Gutierrez, 119; My Sweet Addiction, Mike Smith, 124; Wild in the Saddle, Rafael Bejarano, 119; Warren’s Veneda, Tyler Baze, 121; Beholder, Gary Stevens, 124. Special first post time Saturday is 12:30 p.m. Admission gates open at 10:30 a.m.-30-