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Late summer establishment of perennial forages

first_imgShare Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Rory Lewandowski, CCA, and Mark Sulc, Ohio State University ExtensionWe are quickly approaching the second good opportunity of the year for establishing perennial forage stands, which is in the month of August. Most of us were not able to establish forages this spring, and many existing stands were damaged by the winter followed by the heavy rainfall this year. It is time to make preparations and be ready to plant perennial forage stands in the next few weeks.Typically, the main risk with late summer forage seedings is sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant establishment. However, many parts of Ohio have adequate soil moisture from recent rains, and the outlook for the first half of August is for normal precipitation levels. Prepare now and be ready to take advantage of planting ahead of storm fronts as they occur in late July and early August.Advantages to late summer forage establishment include the following: forage seedlings are not competing with the flush of annual spring and summer weed emergence/growth, soil borne root rot and damping off disease organisms that thrive in cool, wet soils are usually not an issue, and there may be fewer competing farm tasks than in the spring.A very important consideration for seeding forages that is especially relevant this year is herbicide carryover restrictions. This will certainly be an issue to check on acres where corn and soybean herbicides were applied earlier this year in anticipation of planting, but rains prevented those crops from being planted. Before you consider establishing perennial forages on those prevented plant acres, please be aware that many grain crop herbicides have long rotation interval restrictions that will not allow safe planting of forages this year. The 2019 Ohio. Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide provides a summary table of herbicide rotation intervals for alfalfa and clovers (see http://go.osu.edu/herbrotationintervals). Forage grasses are not included in that table, but any restrictions will be stated on the herbicide labels. So, be sure to double-check your herbicide application history against the rotation restrictions stated on the labels for the forages you want to establish.No-till seeding in August is an excellent choice to conserve soil moisture for good germination. Make sure that the field surface is relatively level and smooth if you plan to no-till seed because you will have to live with any field roughness for several years of harvesting operations. Sclerotinia crown and stem rot is a concern with no-till seedings of alfalfa in late summer and especially where clover has been present in the past. This pathogen causes white mold on alfalfa seedlings. They become infected during cooler rainy spells in late October and November, the disease develops during the winter, and seedlings literally “melt away” in winter and early spring. It can be devastating where the pathogen is present. No-till is especially risky where clover has been present because the sclerotia germinate from a shallow depth. Early August plantings dramatically improve the alfalfa’s ability to resist the infection. Late August seedings are very susceptible, with mid-August plantings being intermediate.In a no-till situation, minimize competition from existing weeds by applying a burndown application of glyphosate before planting. Using no-till when herbicide-resistant weeds are present, such as marestail in a previous wheat field, creates a very difficult situation with no effective control options, so tillage is probably a better choice in those situations.Post-emergence herbicide options exist for alfalfa to control late summer and fall emerging winter annual broadleaf weeds. A mid- to late fall application of Butyrac (2,4-DB), bromoxynil, Pursuit or Raptor are the primary herbicide options for winter annual broadleaf weeds. Fall application is much more effective than a spring application for control of these weeds especially if wild radish/wild turnip are in the weed mix. Pursuit and Raptor can control winter annual grasses in the fall in pure legume stands but not with a mixed alfalfa/grass planting. Consult the 2019 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide and always read the specific product label for guidelines on timing and rates before applying any product.For conventional tillage seeding prepare a firm seedbed to ensure good seed-to-soil contact. Be aware that too much tillage depletes soil moisture and increases the risk of soil crusting. Follow the “footprint guide” that soil should be firm enough for a footprint to sink no deeper than one-half inch. Tilled seedbeds do not need a pre-plant herbicide.Finally, keep in mind the following factors to increase establishment success.Soil fertility and pH: The recommended soil pH for alfalfa is 6.5 to 6.8. Forage grasses and clovers should have a pH of 6.0 or above. The minimum or critical soil phosphorus level for forage legumes is 25 ppm Bray P1 or 34 ppm Mehlich-3 and for grasses it is 15 ppm Bray P1 and 20 ppm Mehlich-3. The critical soil potassium level is somewhere between 100 and 125 ppm for many of our soils.Seed selection: Be sure to use high quality seed of adapted, tested varieties and use fresh inoculum of the proper Rhizobium bacteria for legume seeds. “Common” seed (variety not stated) is usually lower yielding and not as persistent, and from our trials the savings in seed cost is lost within the first year or two through lower forage yields.Planting date: According to the 15th edition of the Ohio Agronomy guide, planting of alfalfa and other legumes should be completed between late July and mid-August in Northern Ohio and between early and late August in Southern Ohio. Most cool-season perennial grasses can be planted a little later. Check the Ohio Agronomy Guide (see http://go.osu.edu/forage-seeding-dates).Planter calibration: If coated seed is used, be aware that coatings can account for up to one-third of the weight of the seed. This affects the number of seeds planted in planters set to plant seed on a weight basis. Seed coatings can also dramatically alter how the seed flows through the drill, so calibrate the drill or planter with the seed going into the field.Seed placement: The recommended seeding depth for forages is one-quarter to one-half inch deep. It is better to err on the side of planting shallow rather than too deep.Do not harvest a new perennial forage stand this fall. The ONLY exception to this rule is perennial and Italian ryegrass plantings. Mow or harvest these grasses to a two and a half to three-inch stubble in late November to improve winter survival. Do not cut any other species, especially legumes.last_img read more

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Most actively traded companies on the TSX

first_imgSome of the most active companies traded Friday on the Toronto Stock Exchange:Toronto Stock Exchange (15,384.59, down 9.36 points)Bombardier Inc. (TSX:BBD.B). Aerospace, rail equipment. Down two cents, or 0.50 per cent, to $3.96 on 9.9 million shares.Aurora Cannabis Inc. (TSX:ACB). Health care. Down 15 cents, or 1.39 per cent, to $10.63 on 6.3 million shares.Barrick Gold Corp. (TSX:ABX). Miner. Up 28 cents, or 1.92 per cent, to $14.88 on 5.8 million shares.Klondex Mines Ltd. (TSX:KDX). Miner. Up 17 cents, or 9.71 per cent, to $1.92 on 5.2 million shares.Canopy Growth Corp. (TSX:WEED). Health care. Down 97 cents, or 3.24 per cent, to $28.99 on 5.1 million shares.Husky Energy Inc. (TSX:HSE). Oil and gas. Up nine cents, or 0.53 per cent, to $17.03 on 4.9 million shares.Companies reporting major news:Bank of Montreal (TSX:BMO). Bank. Up seven cents, or 0.07 per cent, to $96.51 on 1.1 million shares. The bank is taking over a four-storey space in the Toronto Eaton Centre in a bid to attract the high-tech talent it needs to bring ideas to the market quicker. BMO’s plans, unveiled on Thursday, include an “urban campus” that will take over a portion of Sears Canada’s former digs at the mall and house 3,500 employees when it opens in 2021.George Weston Ltd. (TSX:WN). Grocer. Up 37 cents, or 0.36 per cent, to $104.12 on 97,878 shares. The grocery chain launched a multi-year transformation plan in its most recent quarter as its profits fell by two-thirds in a difficult year for the company. The plan, which began in November, includes restructuring the organization and simplifying operations, said Luc Mongeau, president of the Weston Foods division. The company’s fourth-quarter profit fell as a result of special items including the cost of a $25 Loblaw gift card program offered as a goodwill gesture to customers for the company’s involvement in an alleged industry-wide price-fixing scheme. Net income attributable to common shareholders dropped to $28 million (22 cents per share), down from $82 million (64 cents per share) a year ago.last_img read more

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Air Canadaled group seeks to buy Aeroplan business in 225billion offer to

first_imgAir Canada and three financial firms made an unsolicited $2.25-billion offer to buy the Aeroplan loyalty business from Aimia Inc. to allow customers to transfer their points to its own platform in 2020, the Montreal-based airline told its clients.“We heard from many customers who were excited about our plans, and would prefer to transfer their Aeroplan Miles to the new Air Canada loyalty program,” Air Canada said in an email to customers on Wednesday. “This is what this proposed deal allows us to do.”Shares of Aimia Inc. soared after the Air Canada-led consortium — including Toronto-Dominion Bank, Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce and Visa Canada — proposed to buy Aeroplan in a deal valued at $2.25 billion, including points liabilities they would assume.The group said the offer would expire Aug. 2 but such deadlines are often amended.The consortium said the proposed transaction would provide continuity for Aeroplan members as well as customers of the four companies — which all have long-standing relationships with Aimia — behind the bid.“If completed, the proposed transaction would result in a positive outcome for Aimia shareholders and Aeroplan members, allowing for a smooth transition of Aeroplan members’ points to Air Canada’s new loyalty program launching in 2020, safeguarding their points and providing convenience and value for millions of Canadians,” the group said in a statement on Wednesday.It wasn’t immediately clear whether Aimia’s board would recommend the offer, which the consortium said was worth the equivalent of $3.64 per share.Aimia stock rose as much 44 per cent to $3.60 in late morning trading on the Toronto Stock Exchange after the consortium’s announcement. Shares had slipped to $3.50 by 2 p.m.Aimia confirmed Wednesday that it received the consortium’s conditional proposal, noting that it followed prior private engagement and discussions between the parties.The loyalty company’s board of directors formed a special committee of independent directors “some time ago in connection with such engagement and discussions and had engaged legal and financial advisors,” Aimia said in a statement.“The special committee will consider this proposal in consultation with its legal and financial advisors to assess whether the proposal is in the best interests of shareholders and the company as a whole and will make appropriate recommendations to the board,” Aimia said.Under the proposal, a corporation to be formed by the consortium would acquire Aimia’s loyalty business, including roughly $2 billion worth of Aeroplan points obligations as of March 31, 2018, for $250 million in cash. The total purchase price, in turn, is valued at approximately $2.25 billion.The future of Aeroplan, which has more than five million members, has been in doubt since Air Canada announced in May 2017 that it planned to launch its own loyalty rewards plan in 2020. Aimia’s 30-year-partnership with Air Canada is due to expire in July 2020.Over the past 14 months, Aimia’s stock had fallen to $2.50 as of the close on Tuesday, down from $8.84 prior to Air Canada’s departure announcement.Shares got a boost earlier this month, however, when Aimia announced plans to get into the airline business itself by offering charter flights to its most popular destinations. It said on July 19 that it was in discussions with potential airline partners to operate narrowbody aircraft ideally suited for flights to sun destinations in the Caribbean.The consortium’s proposed acquisition of Aimia on Wednesday surprised analysts, given Air Canada’s plans for its own platform.“Air Canada’s offer may be difficult to accept for Aimia’s management given that Air Canada had abruptly decided not to renew its contract with Aeroplan last year causing havoc in Aimia’s share price,” said Martin Landry, an analyst with GMP Securities.Given the magnitude of the transaction, it will likely require a vote from Aimia shareholders, he said in a note to clients.“We believe they will be tempted to accept Air Canada’s offer despite the sour taste it may leave with some shareholders,” Landry said.For Air Canada, the transaction “potentially removes the customer relations headache of orphaned Aeroplan members and potential negative goodwill,” Canaccord Genuity analyst Doug Taylor said in a note to clients.The “smooth transition” for Aeroplan members to the new program would also ensure significant initial uptake for Air Canada’s own program when it begins in mid-2020, Taylor adds.“While it is tough to handicap the financial impact of the values being discussed, having the much larger and well-funded financial services partners coming along with the deal certainly helps spread the assumed liability around,” Taylor said. “Additionally, Air Canada will likely have more control on how the liability is serviced vs. the prior agreement with Aimia.”Developing a loyalty program as sophisticated as Aeroplan is a challenge, and the consortium’s move to buy it instead is not surprising, said Louis Hebert, a professor at the department of management at HEC Montreal.“It seems that Air Canada came to the conclusion that it was simpler to buy it and enjoy a program that works well and has a good reputation,” he said.Air Canada created Aeroplan as in-house loyalty program but it was spun off as an independent business as part of a court-supervised restructuring of Canada’s largest airline. At the time, CIBC was Aeroplan’s main bank partner.Since 2014, TD has been Aeroplan’s main Visa card partner although CIBC continues to offer Aeroplan cards rewards points that can be redeemed for Air Canada flights and other merchandise.Visa Canada did not respond to a request for comment. TD and CIBC declined to comment.For the banks, the primary motivation behind this bid is “defensive in nature,” said Gabriel Dechaine, an analyst with National Bank.“Credit cards are one of the highest return businesses the banks have, and the Aeroplan portfolio is a high quality one,” he said in a note. “We estimate it generates combined profitability well in excess of $400 million for the two banks.”The banks likely wanted to avoid “annoying their customers” with another transition to a different loyalty program, which “could have made them vulnerable to being picked off by competitors,” he added.Companies in this story: (TSX:AIM, TSX:AC, TSX:CM, TSX:TD)— With a file from Julien Arsenaultlast_img read more

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Shareholders support major Australian media merger

first_imgCANBERRA, Australia — Shareholders on Monday gave final approval to the merger of television network Nine Entertainment and newspaper publisher Fairfax Media into an Australian media giant to be known only as Nine despite one shareholder’s late bid to stop the deal.Antony Catalano, a former chief executive of the online real estate listings portal Domain Group which is majority-owned by Fairfax, said he will ask the Federal Court on Nov. 27 to stop the merger.Catalano, who owns shares in both Domain and Fairfax, wrote to Fairfax chairman Nick Falloon late Sunday offering to buy 19.9 per cent of Fairfax and asking for Monday’s Fairfax shareholders meeting to be delayed.The Fairfax board said in a statement on Monday that it remained unanimously behind the merger with Nine.“The letter contains no actual proposal that could be considered by Fairfax shareholders as an alternative to the proposed scheme of arrangement with Nine Entertainment,” the statement said.The merger was supported by 81.5 per cent of Fairfax shareholders representing 88.6 per cent of shares. The deal had needed the support of at least 60 per cent of shareholders representing at least 70 per cent of shares.Falloon said that subject to court approval, the merger would occur on Dec. 7 and the new entity would begin trading on the Australian share market on Dec. 10.The merger would give Nine shareholders 51.1 per cent of the combined entity and make Nine chief executive Hugh Marks leader of the new company.Fairfax shareholders would own the remaining 48.9 per cent of the company, which will become Australia’s largest media player. The Fairfax family name which has been part of the Australian media landscape for 177 years appears set to disappear.Rod McGuirk, The Associated Presslast_img read more

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6 children 3 women among 15 dead as SL forces raid IS

first_imgColombo: Six children and three women were among 15 people killed when militants linked to the Easter Sunday bombings opened fire and blew themselves up during a fierce gun battle with security forces in Sri Lanka’s Eastern province, police said Saturday. The shootout occurred as the security forces continued their hunt for members of the National Thowheeth Jamaath (NTJ), the local terror outfit behind the April 21 coordinated blasts in which 253 people were killed and over 500 injured. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss account details under automatic exchange frameworkThe Special Task Force and Army troops, following a tip-off, raided a house in Kalmunai city, about 360 km from Colombo, on Friday night, leading to the heavy exchange of fire with the armed group. As the heavily-armed men opened fire on troops, a civilian caught in the middle got killed. As the clashes intensified, three men are believed to have set off explosives. “A total of 15 bodies recovered, six men, three women and six children. At least four suspected suicide bombers are dead, and three others who were injured are in hospital,” a police spokesperson said. Also Read – Trio win Nobel Medicine Prize for work on cells, oxygenA police spokesman said that three suspected suicide bombers were among the 15 dead. “When the police were doing a joint search operation in Sainthamuruthu, gunfire was directed at them,” police spokesman Ruwan Gunasekera said. A suicide blast took place, and the body of a terrorist with a T56 assault rifle was also found at the site. A massive cache of explosives was also recovered from the spot. “Officials have recovered detonators, suicide kits, army uniforms and ISIS flags,” an army officer said. Meanwhile, the police said that curfew imposed in the Muslim-majority areas of Kalmunai, Chavalakade and Sammanthurai would continue until further notice. The police have arrested at least 76 people in connection with the attack so far. Twenty were arrested in the last 24 hours. Officials also seized one kg of explosives near a railway station at Wellawatta, a popular south Colombo suburb. The curfew was lifted for other areas at 4 am on Saturday. At the security council meeting held last night, it was decided that search operations to crack down on extremist terrorism must continue until the threat is eliminated. Security has been improved at hotels, schools and public places. Nine suicide bombers carried out a series of devastating blasts that tore through three churches and three luxury hotels on the Easter Sunday, killing 253 people. The Islamic State claimed the attacks, but the government has blamed local Islamist extremist group NTJ for the attacks. President Maithripala Sirisena said Friday that over 130 suspects linked to the Islamic State terror group have been operating in the country. Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe said Sri Lanka needs new laws to deal with threats posed by local terror outfits linked to ISIS. Sri Lanka has a population of 21 million which is a patchwork of ethnicities and religions, dominated by the Sinhalese Buddhist majority. Muslims account for 10 per cent of the population and are the second-largest minority after Hindus. Around seven per cent of Sri Lankans are Christians.last_img read more

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Ban on LTTE extended for 5 more yrs

first_imgNew Delhi: The central government on Tuesday extended for five more years the ban on the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE), a terror group that was behind the assassination of former Prime Minister Rajiv Gandhi.The ban has been extended under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967, a notification issued by the Union Home ministry stated. India had banned the LTTE after the assassination of Gandhi in 1991. The ban on the group was last extended for five years in 2014. Also Read – India gets first tranche of Swiss account details under automatic exchange frameworkThe LTTE, a terror outfit based in Sri Lanka but has its supporters, sympathisers and agents in India, came up in 1976. Its objective for a separate homeland (Tamil Eelam) for all Tamils threatens the sovereignty and territorial integrity of India, and amounts to cession and secession of a part of the territory of India from the Union and thus falls within the ambit of unlawful activities, the notification said. The LTTE’s continued violent and disruptive activities are prejudicial to the integrity and sovereignty of India, it said.last_img read more

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Naidu meets Sharad Pawar again in Delhi

first_imgNew Delhi: Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister and Telugu Desam Party Chief N. Chandra Babu Naidu on Sunday met Nationalist Congress Party President Sharad Pawar at his residence here. The meeting was part of Naidu’s continued outreach to Opposition party leaders in order to firm up a non-BJP front ahead of the announcement of Lok Sabha poll results on May 23. However, what the two leaders discussed, was not clear. Naidu arrived in the national capital on Saturday evening, after meeting Bahujan Samaj Party chief Mayawati and Samajwadi Party President Akhilesh Yadav in Lucknow. According to the Telugu Desam Party sources, the Andhra Pradesh Chief Minister is likely to meet UPA chairperson Sonia Gandhi at her residence in evening. On Saturday, before leaving for Lucknow, Naidu held meetings with Congress President Rahul Gandhi, Pawar and Loktantrik Janata Dal (LJD) leader Sharad Yadav in Delhi. On Friday, he said that all parties, including rival K. Chandrashekhar Rao-led Telangana Rashtra Samithi (TRS), were welcome to join the non-BJP Mahagathbandhan (grand-alliance). The TDP chief also met the Election Commission on Friday and accused it of being biased and pro-government.last_img read more

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Man accused of threatening Torrey Pines HS to remain in hospital

first_imgMan accused of threatening Torrey Pines HS to remain in hospital June 13, 2018 Posted: June 13, 2018 KUSI Newsroom, Categories: Local San Diego News FacebookTwitter KUSI Newsroom Kevin Matlak from 2015SAN DIEGO (KUSI) — A 21-year-old former Torrey Pines High School student accused of posting threats targeting the school on his Instagram account can remain at a county psychiatric hospital where he is being treated for mental health issues, a judge ruled Wednesday.Kevin Gregory Matlak — charged with making criminal threats and identity theft — appeared at his arraignment in a wheelchair, accompanied by two health care workers. Matlak had a blanket pulled up to his face and didn’t say anything during the hearing.Judge Jay Bloom entered a not guilty plea on behalf of the defendant and set bail at $525,000, saying Matlak was a danger to the community.The judge ordered the San Diego County Psychiatric Hospital to give the court 48 hours notice if Matlak was to be released, noting concern for the safety of Torrey Pines students graduating on Friday.Classmates of Matlak who graduated in 2015 reported the threats to law enforcement on May 30, leading to his arrest.Matlak bailed out of jail and voluntarily checked himself into the mental health facility June 4, defense attorney Brian Watkins said.The attorney said Matlak is a danger to himself, but not to others.Watkins said Matlak didn’t threaten anyone directly, but three former classmates read his posts on Instagram and felt threatened by them. The attorney said the threats were “not very clear” and “ambiguous.”Deputy District Attorney Matthew Greco said one of Matlak’s posts read “Rest in Peace Torrey Pines High School.”“I hate all of you,” another post read, according to the prosecutor.Matlak also posted a photo of him holding an AR-15 rifle in one hand and giving the middle finger with the other hand, Greco said.Matlak faces four years and four months in state prison if convicted. last_img read more

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Theres About To Be A New Kenai Joes In Town

first_imgAccording to Gilman after some minor renovations to the current building they plan to have Kenai Joe’s Taphouse open and operational within the next month. One thing that will remain the same, the name. In keeping with tradition the location will be named ‘Kenai Joe’s Taphouse’. Gilman “We really had to keep the Kenai Joe’s name when cool bar that’s been open for over 80 years, you really want to preserve that history, and we intend to do that.” Joe Gilman with Kenai River Brewing Company: “I’m not sure if we chose Joe’s or if Joe’s chose us. But, the opportunity came up to buy Joe’s and we love the location, the view, and the community. We want to bring what we’ve created in Soldotna into Kenai. Which is a laid back atmosphere with music, cocktails, and of course great food.” Facebook0TwitterEmailPrintFriendly分享The oldest bar in Kenai has a new owner. Kenai River Brewing Company made the announcement that they have acquired the popular dive bar with some ambitious goals ahead of them for the historic location.center_img Kenai Joes, located in Old Town Kenai, overlooks the mouth of the famous Kenai River, and is well known for being the oldest bar in town. Established in 1935, the bar’s original layout has remained mostly unchanged, except for some minor maintenance over the decades. Gilman: “We will operate ‘as is’ while we complete construction of the kitchen, and hopefully in the fall open the kitchen up for full service. We will be expanding the menu from what we offer at the brewery, but at the same time keep it affordable and casual.”last_img read more

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Facebook Watch grows to more than 720 million monthly users

first_img Share your voice Facebook’s logo.  James Martin/CNET Facebook said Wednesday that more people are visiting its video hub Facebook Watch and spending more time there compared with the end of last year.The number of people visiting Watch every month increased to more than 720 million, up 80% from the 400 million reported in December. The number of daily visitors rose to 140 million, up 87%, from 75 million in December. Facebook counts visitors only after they have spent at least one minute on a Watch video, a sign that the viewing is intentional.The average time a visitor spent with Watch rose to 26 minutes, up 30%, from 20 minutes. The growth in viewers suggests Facebook has had some success luring visitors to its video project, which went global less than a year ago. Facebook Watch streams original shows, such as Huda Boss, Five Points, Sacred Lies, and Sorry For Your Loss.Still, the number of people who visit Facebook Watch is smaller than other video sites. YouTube has more than 2 billion logged-in viewers every month. As Facebook tries to attract more people to watch videos, it also has to make sure it moderates content that violates its rules such as hate speech, nudity and violence.Facebook said it’s partnering with entertainment, news and sports producers around the world to bring new shows to its online audience. Those include The Voice Germany and MTV’s The Real World. The company recently started a news program, called Uncovered and produced by the UK’s award-winning Channel 4 News, to combat online news. Facebook will also stream sports, including highlights from International Cricket Council’s world cup and Australian Football League. Facebook already streams a handful of Major League Baseball games.  Tags Internet Services Tech Industry 0 Post a comment Facebooklast_img read more