Share Facebook Twitter Google + LinkedIn Pinterest By Rory Lewandowski, CCA, and Mark Sulc, Ohio State University ExtensionWe are quickly approaching the second good opportunity of the year for establishing perennial forage stands, which is in the month of August. Most of us were not able to establish forages this spring, and many existing stands were damaged by the winter followed by the heavy rainfall this year. It is time to make preparations and be ready to plant perennial forage stands in the next few weeks.Typically, the main risk with late summer forage seedings is sufficient moisture for seed germination and plant establishment. However, many parts of Ohio have adequate soil moisture from recent rains, and the outlook for the first half of August is for normal precipitation levels. Prepare now and be ready to take advantage of planting ahead of storm fronts as they occur in late July and early August.Advantages to late summer forage establishment include the following: forage seedlings are not competing with the flush of annual spring and summer weed emergence/growth, soil borne root rot and damping off disease organisms that thrive in cool, wet soils are usually not an issue, and there may be fewer competing farm tasks than in the spring.A very important consideration for seeding forages that is especially relevant this year is herbicide carryover restrictions. This will certainly be an issue to check on acres where corn and soybean herbicides were applied earlier this year in anticipation of planting, but rains prevented those crops from being planted. Before you consider establishing perennial forages on those prevented plant acres, please be aware that many grain crop herbicides have long rotation interval restrictions that will not allow safe planting of forages this year. The 2019 Ohio. Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide provides a summary table of herbicide rotation intervals for alfalfa and clovers (see http://go.osu.edu/herbrotationintervals). Forage grasses are not included in that table, but any restrictions will be stated on the herbicide labels. So, be sure to double-check your herbicide application history against the rotation restrictions stated on the labels for the forages you want to establish.No-till seeding in August is an excellent choice to conserve soil moisture for good germination. Make sure that the field surface is relatively level and smooth if you plan to no-till seed because you will have to live with any field roughness for several years of harvesting operations. Sclerotinia crown and stem rot is a concern with no-till seedings of alfalfa in late summer and especially where clover has been present in the past. This pathogen causes white mold on alfalfa seedlings. They become infected during cooler rainy spells in late October and November, the disease develops during the winter, and seedlings literally “melt away” in winter and early spring. It can be devastating where the pathogen is present. No-till is especially risky where clover has been present because the sclerotia germinate from a shallow depth. Early August plantings dramatically improve the alfalfa’s ability to resist the infection. Late August seedings are very susceptible, with mid-August plantings being intermediate.In a no-till situation, minimize competition from existing weeds by applying a burndown application of glyphosate before planting. Using no-till when herbicide-resistant weeds are present, such as marestail in a previous wheat field, creates a very difficult situation with no effective control options, so tillage is probably a better choice in those situations.Post-emergence herbicide options exist for alfalfa to control late summer and fall emerging winter annual broadleaf weeds. A mid- to late fall application of Butyrac (2,4-DB), bromoxynil, Pursuit or Raptor are the primary herbicide options for winter annual broadleaf weeds. Fall application is much more effective than a spring application for control of these weeds especially if wild radish/wild turnip are in the weed mix. Pursuit and Raptor can control winter annual grasses in the fall in pure legume stands but not with a mixed alfalfa/grass planting. Consult the 2019 Ohio, Indiana, Illinois Weed Control Guide and always read the specific product label for guidelines on timing and rates before applying any product.For conventional tillage seeding prepare a firm seedbed to ensure good seed-to-soil contact. Be aware that too much tillage depletes soil moisture and increases the risk of soil crusting. Follow the “footprint guide” that soil should be firm enough for a footprint to sink no deeper than one-half inch. Tilled seedbeds do not need a pre-plant herbicide.Finally, keep in mind the following factors to increase establishment success.Soil fertility and pH: The recommended soil pH for alfalfa is 6.5 to 6.8. Forage grasses and clovers should have a pH of 6.0 or above. The minimum or critical soil phosphorus level for forage legumes is 25 ppm Bray P1 or 34 ppm Mehlich-3 and for grasses it is 15 ppm Bray P1 and 20 ppm Mehlich-3. The critical soil potassium level is somewhere between 100 and 125 ppm for many of our soils.Seed selection: Be sure to use high quality seed of adapted, tested varieties and use fresh inoculum of the proper Rhizobium bacteria for legume seeds. “Common” seed (variety not stated) is usually lower yielding and not as persistent, and from our trials the savings in seed cost is lost within the first year or two through lower forage yields.Planting date: According to the 15th edition of the Ohio Agronomy guide, planting of alfalfa and other legumes should be completed between late July and mid-August in Northern Ohio and between early and late August in Southern Ohio. Most cool-season perennial grasses can be planted a little later. Check the Ohio Agronomy Guide (see http://go.osu.edu/forage-seeding-dates).Planter calibration: If coated seed is used, be aware that coatings can account for up to one-third of the weight of the seed. This affects the number of seeds planted in planters set to plant seed on a weight basis. Seed coatings can also dramatically alter how the seed flows through the drill, so calibrate the drill or planter with the seed going into the field.Seed placement: The recommended seeding depth for forages is one-quarter to one-half inch deep. It is better to err on the side of planting shallow rather than too deep.Do not harvest a new perennial forage stand this fall. The ONLY exception to this rule is perennial and Italian ryegrass plantings. Mow or harvest these grasses to a two and a half to three-inch stubble in late November to improve winter survival. Do not cut any other species, especially legumes.
Roots has known Ollie’s family for years, having coached at University of London while the brothers were students there. Ollie Cook, right, with brother JamieCredit:Geoff Pugh for The Telegraph In 2014, he and both Cooks took part in the Moon Row, coincidentally also supported by Parmigiani, when a team braved crocodiles and hippos to scull the length of Lake Kariba and the lower Zambezi for charity. “It was as if it was meant to be,” said Roots of finding the medal. “It already had a bit of silt on it, was beginning to be obscured, if I’d left it another day or two it would have been covered completely unless someone else had pilfered it.” “I was on the way to a job, and knowing that stretch like the back of my hand, thought there was a small chance the tide might be low enough,” said Roots, who rowed at University of London Boat Club several years before Cook and his brother Jamie. “I wasn’t specially hopeful but the tide was going down and straight away there it was, a foot from the water, at my feet. First a little black strip of ribbon wafting around and then the medal, glinting silver in the mud.”Roots, snapping the Boat Race for timing sponsors Parmigiani Fleurier, had already captured the unfortunate loss on film. Following Ollie and Jamie’s defeat of Cambridge in an epic race on Sunday, Ollie swallow-dived into the water and came up clutching his medal, only to drop it moments later as he hugged his brother in ecstasy. Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily Front Page newsletter and new audio briefings. Oxford’s Boat Race-winning oarsman Ollie Cook is no longer feeling blue, after the victor’s medal he lost in the murky depths of the Thames on Sunday has been returned to him by a clubmate. Former rower and photographer Hamish Roots was passing Mortlake on Monday morning and went to look, in the vain hope that the medal might be visible. To Root’s astonishment, he found it straight away, and dropped it in to Cook’s parent’s house in Windsor later that afternoon. Cook himself, a 2016 world champion, had already left to join the GB Rowing team in Portugal on training camp.
Twitter/BJPPrime Minister Narendra Modi on Saturday mocked the Congress’s proposed NYAY scheme which translates to “justice” in Hindi literally and claimed that the grand old party has finally agreed that injustice was done by them over the past 60 years.He also said a vote for Congress, DMK and IUML combine is a vote for higher taxes and lower growth rate, a free hand to terrorists and criminals.”Congress and dishonesty are best friends. But sometimes by mistake, they end up speaking the truth. Now they are saying Nyay will happen. Even if they did not intend to, they have admitted that they had done injustice for the 60 years,” Modi said addressing massive rallies held in Theni and Ramanathapuram district.NYAY is the Congress’ minimum income guarantee scheme that the party says lift millions out of poverty.PM Modi also asked who will render Nyay/justice to the victims of 1984 anti-Sikh riots; to all the victims of anti-Dalit riots; to the government of AIADMK Founder M.G. Ramachandran (MGR) dismissed by Congress because one family didn’t like him; to the victims of Bhopal gas tragedy — one of worst environment tragedy in modern India — all of which happened under the Congress rule.Stating that the Congress, DMK and their other corrupt friends can never work for India’s development, Modi asked the people present at the rallies to decide the fate of those who questioned the surgical strike by the Indian Army.”How do you deal with those who wish to weaken armed forces and how to deal with those who talk with the sponsors of terrorists,” Modi asked.”When it comes to national security, there can be no compromise. We leave no stone unturned in protecting India and destroying forces of terror. When a brave Indian pilot was captured, he was back in record time. The Congress party politicised the issue,” Modi said pointing fingers at the opposition.PM Modi said for Tamil Nadu to become prosperous, the game of DMK and Congress must end and the rule of dynasty must be stopped.”As a chowkidar for the nation, I work for the benefit of the people. Your struggle for railway connectivity is known and our government has begun the gauge conversion between Madurai and Bodi.”The Prime Minister assured that the All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS) and the Integrated Textile Park set up in Madurai will benefit the people of Theni district.He said the opposition has been unable to accept the fact that “India has been rapidly making a mark in the world under the BJP-led NDA’s regime and they are unhappy with Modi”.”Those who were sworn enemies have come together to harm people of Tamil Nadu. Recall 1979, how the Congress humiliated DMK. Recently DMK leaders were in jail for the 2G scam,” Modi said.”Despite such bitterness in the past, today Congress and DMK are together to mislead the people. All the corrupt have joined hands to defeat Modi,” he added.Citing the projection of Congress President Rahul Gandhi as the Prime Ministerial candidate by the DMK, Modi said none of the other opposition parties have agreed on it as each party wants its leaders in line for the Prime Minister post.Taking a dig at Congress bigwig in Tamil Nadu, Modi said while the father (former Union Minister P. Chidambaram) was India’s Finance Minister, his son (Karti Chidambaram) looted the country.According to Modi, the Madhya Pradesh government has become the ATM (automatic teller machine) of the Congress party and people were talking about it as the Thuglaq Road scam (where the Congress chief’s residence is).”You all know which big Congress leader stays in Thuglaq Road,” Modi said.PM Modi said former President late APJ Abdul Kalam would have been happy on the DRDO’s success at A-SAT missile launch destroying low earth orbiting satellite that was called of Mission Shakti that proved India’s capability to destroy live satellite with a mission.”We are creating the India that Kalam imagined,” Modi said.”The India of 2019 is different from the India of 2014. Today India is eliminating poverty faster than before. We opened bank accounts for poor, gave gas connections to poor women,” Modi said.”Sanitation cover was at a dismal 38 per cent then and now it is 98 per cent. Five years ago, many didn’t have health coverage, but now several crore of people have insurance coverage,” he added.According to Modi, work is fast progressing on laying of the railway tracks between Rameswaran and Dhanuskodi. The 100-year-old Pamban bridge is transformed into a state-of-the-art bridge.On water resources, Modi said once the new government under him assumes office on May 23, there will be a separate Ministry for Jal Shakti with a focus on providing clean water for drinking, water for irrigation.He also said a new Fisheries Ministry will be formed on May 23 like the farmer’s credit card, the fishermen will also be given credit cards.He also said that about 1,900 Indian fishermen were released from Sri Lankan jails due to the government’s diplomatic efforts, some of them were facing death sentences.Criticising Congress-DMK “lacking vision and mission for India”, Modi said: “Their only mission is to remove Modi. In the process of hating Modi, the opposition has begun to hate India.””When Congress was in power, terrorists had the upper hand. City after city experienced bomb blasts. The Congress government was hapless,” Modi said.Coming down on the Congress’ first family, Modi said: “In Delhi, prime real estate is used for memorial for the members of one family as if no other family has contributed to the nation.”Citing the memorial built for Kalam at Rameswaram in Ramanathapuram district, Modi asked: “Did Congress make a memorial at this scale for any previous Presidents of India? So many Presidents were from the Congress. They did not make a memorial for KR Narayanan, R Venkatraman or Dr S Radhakrishnan.”
CALGARY — A U.S. court has approved a multimillion-dollar settlement in a securities fraud class-action lawsuit against a bankrupt energy exploration company for which embattled Sen. Pamela Wallin was a director.Between June 2007 and December 2011, Wallin was a paid member of the board of Oilsands Quest Inc., a Calgary-based exploration company. As a director, the Saskatchewan senator was named in the lawsuit along with fellow board members, TD Securities and Calgary consulting firm McDaniel and Associates.The lawsuit, filed by investors in United States District Court in New York in 2011, alleged that Oilsands Quest and its directors overstated the value of the company’s assets by US$136 million.Defendants pumped up Oilsands Quest’s stock price by portraying the firm as the largest owner of valuable rights to bitumen in Saskatchewan’s oilsands“Through a series of false and misleading press releases, investor presentations and accounting manipulations, defendants fraudulently pumped up Oilsands Quest’s stock price by portraying Oilsands Quest as the largest owner of valuable rights to bitumen in Saskatchewan’s oilsands, creating a modern-day gold rush for what defendants knew to be largely worthless mining rights,” reads the original court document.It goes on to say company officials knew that the vast majority of the land contained no bitumen and “defendants engaged in contrived exploration and testing activities to justify the retention of worthless mining rights in order to mislead investors about the value of the company’s properties.”Handout/Oilsands Quest While most oil sands development is focused in the area around Fort McMurray in northern Alberta, Saskatchewan has significant oil sands deposits. But the oil is considerably more difficult to extract because the deposits are capped by a glacial till rather than the shale typically found in Alberta. Still, Oilsands Quest led a charge to develop on the eastern side of the boundary.The firm filed for bankruptcy protection in an Alberta court in November 2011 and for Chapter 15 protection in a U.S. bankruptcy court in February 2012. Its assets have been sold to Cenovus Energy.Earlier this month, United States District Judge Jed Rakoff signed off on a US$10.2-million settlement which gave claimants about 36 cents on the dollar.Rakoff is the judge who presided over a US$163-million settlement last year in the case of disgraced New York financier Bernard Madoff, whose Ponzi scheme defrauded investors of billions of dollars.Oilsands Quest has not admitted any wrong-doing and has denied all allegations. The firm decided it would be “desirable and beneficial” to settle because litigation could have dragged on.The settlement, by Canadian standards, is quite large, says a Calgary lawyer whose firm handled proceedings in Canada at the request of the U.S. lawyers representing the plaintiffs.It’s double digits. You don’t see a lot of those here“It’s double digits. You don’t see a lot of those here,” said Clint Docken of the firm Docken and Klym. “It’s more common in the U.S., but the fact they’re paying over $10 million I think is representative of something.“If you’re not liable, it’s not a nuisance lawsuit, so why would you settle?”It doesn’t appear that Wallin or the other directors will be out of pocket, Docken said.“It’s the directors’ and officers’ insurer who is paying this.”During her time as a director, Wallin earned nearly US$648,000 in cash and offered option awards, the court documents said. She resigned shortly after Oilsands Quest went into receivership.She did not answer a request for comment submitted last week by The Canadian Press.Wallin, who was appointed to the Senate in 2009, has also been on the board of Gluskin Sheff & Associates Inc., a wealth management firm with offices in Calgary and Toronto. She’s also served on the board for Porter Airlines. From 2007 to 2011 she was chancellor at the University of Guelph.Her finances have been under a microscope for weeks.The one-time journalist and former Conservative caucus member has been ordered to reimburse the Senate almost US$140,000 for ineligible travel expense claims. The order followed an independent audit of her travel expenses.A Senate committee alerted the RCMP to the results of the audit. The Mounties are already investigating living allowances claimed by senators Mike Duffy, Patrick Brazeau and Mac Harb.